Sister Cities of the World

Sister cities of Lucknow

Lucknow /ˈlʌkn/ (Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ‎) is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the largest and most developed city in North India after Delhi. This metro city is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division. Lucknow has always been known as a multicultural city and flourished as a cultural and artistic capital of North India in the 18th and 19th centuries and as a seat of power of Nawabs. Today it continues as an important centre of education, commerce, aerospace, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, music, and poetry. Lucknow ranked 6th among all the cities in India for fastest job-creation. It is the largest city of Uttar Pradesh, and after Delhi the second largest metro of North and Central India.

Lucknow stands at an elevation of 123.45 metres above sea level and covers an area of 689.1 km2. It is surrounded on the eastern side by District Barabanki, on the western side by district Unnao, on the southern side by Raebareli and on the northern side by Sitapur and Hardoi districts. The city is on the northwestern shore of Gomti river, which flows through it. Lucknow is accessible from every part of India through air, rail, and road. It is directly connected with New Delhi, Patna, Calcutta, Mumbai, Varanasi, Bangalore, Thiruvananthapuram, and other major cities by Amausi airport. The airport is suitable for all-weather operations and can provide parking facility up to 50 aircraft. At present, Air India, Air India Express, Jetlite, Jet Air, GoAir, IndiGo, Saudi Airline, Flydubai, Oman Air and SpiceJet are operating domestic and international flights from and to Lucknow.

As the seat of the government of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow is the site of Vidhan Sabha, the High Court (Allahabad bench) and numerous government departments and agencies. Since May 1, 1963, Lucknow is the headquarters of the Central Command of the Indian Army prior to this it was headquarters of Eastern Command. Lucknow has several educational and research organisations like La Martiniere Lucknow, IIM Lucknow, Central Drug Research Institute, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, National Botanical Research Institute, IET Lucknow, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences and King George Medical College.

Lucknow is the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the Kathak, Khayal, Nawabs and Classical music. It is the birthplace of British pop star Cliff Richard,the great Indian musician Naushad Ali, Indian playback singer Talat Mahmood, the founder of the Hindi Theatre Movement and founder-director of Bhartendu Academy of Dramatic Arts:Raj Bisaria, film-maker Muzaffar Ali and the resident city of Subrata Roy, the founder and chairman of the Sahara India Pariwar. Other famous people with close links to Lucknow include Urdu poet Kaifi Azmi, Javed Akhtar who spent his formative years here and former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee who had Lucknow as his constituency.

The city's primary official language is Standard Hindi, but the most commonly spoken language is colloquial Hindustani. Indian English is also well understood and is widely used for business and administrative purposes, as a result of India's British heritage and of Commonwealth tradition, as well as globalisation. The language of Urdu is also a part of Lucknowi culture and heritage. Mostly it is used by the more wealthy families and the remaining members of the royal family, but also in Urdu poetry, and on public signs.

The city's design was heavily influenced by the several emperors and incorporates significant areas of natural imperial that have earned Lucknow the title of the "city of nawabs". It is also known as the Golden City of India, Shiraz-i-Hind and the Constantinople of the East. Lucknow's society is very famous for its etiquette and traditions to attain a rare degree of sophistication. Be it the cultural charm or the monumental one, all are well conserved here to make Lucknow "The city of many splendours". Distance between Lucknow and New Delhi is 498 km and it takes 5 hours 20 minutes by train, 7 hours by road & 45 minutes by air to reach Lucknow from New Delhi.

Content on this page is licensed under CC-BY-SA from the authors of the following Wikipedia pages: List of twin towns and sister cities in Asia, Lucknow. Note that the data on Wikipedia is highly unreliable. In many cases, sister cities are missing or wrongly listed. Some cities also have different levels of partnership. If you find an error, please make a correction on the relevant Wikipedia pages and cite your sources.